Evergreen trees or shrubs are defined as a plant that retains its’ foliage in the winter. In warmer climates, this category includes many plants that aren’t hardy to the Midwest. Typical Midwest Evergreens include Pine, Spruce, Fir, Cedar and Hemlock trees. Other examples of Evergreens found in the Midwest are Arborvitae, Juniper, Yew and Boxwood shrubs. Pruning Evergreens requires knowledge about the specific growth habit of the species and general understanding of Evergreens.
Evergreens are often grouped according to branching habit. Recognizing the branching pattern helps determine the best way to successfully prune the Evergreen. Pines, Spruces, Firs and Douglas Fir trees have whorled branches, which are branches that grow from and encircle another branch. Typically, Evergreens with whorled branches have just one flush of new growth each year, when pre-formed shoots expand into stems and form the next whorl. Evergreens such as Arborvitae, Junipers, Yews and Hemlocks are considered to have a random-branching pattern. Evergreens with a random-branching pattern vary according to plant species. To maintain the natural shape and beauty of the Evergreen, it’s important to follow the general branching pattern when pruning. Research the Evergreen variety to discover the pruning method that will provide the best results.
Evergreens have specific times of year when pruning should be done. With the exception of Pines, prune Evergreens before new growth starts in the spring or during the mid-summer, when many Evergreens are semi-dormant. Pines should be pruned in the spring, as new growth appears. Follow this time guideline when pruning for general plant maintenance. Dead, diseased or broken branches can be removed anytime.
Kramer Tree Specialists offers pruning services that are completed by trained specialists. We will take into consideration your unique landscape and its needs. Contact us to have a Certified Arborist evaluate your property and suggest the best methods for pruning your trees and shrubs.
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