The Macedonian or Peuce Pine is a member of the white/five-needled Pine group, sub species ‘Strobus’. It is native to the mountains of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Albania, and also small parts of Serbia and Greece.
Peuce Pine is a rather narrow, slower growing evergreen with soft densely bundled needles, appearing blue-green in overall effect. The habit is very upright, almost columnar in form. It’s seed cones are cylindrical , 4 to 6 inches long, solitary or in groups of three to four.
Peuce Pine is a very good single or group specimen tree, with an ultimate height of about fifty feet and width of twenty feet. It is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 to 9, requires part to full sun and is tolerant of windy exposed sites. It adapts well to moist to well drained sandy loam and clay loam soils with a pH range of 4.5 through 7.5.
This Pine tree species is typically free of serious insect and disease pests. In regards to the latter, it is particularly resistant to White Pine Blister Rust, a serious disease of the White Pine group. It is fairly urban tolerant if sited properly, and was described at the 1972 Conifer Conference as “undoubtedly the most useful five-needled pine for landscape planting.”
In closing, the Macedonian/Peuce Pine is a beautiful hardy performer and deserves to be included as another valuable evergreen species for our Midwest “urban diversified tree species list”.
Harold Hoover, Kramer Tree Specialists, Board Certified Master Arborist